hello everyone and welcome to the fourth
episode of gear chat with parth and today I’ll be showing you how to set up a
strat style guitar with the tremolo or vibrato set one way or dive only now for
those of you who like to have your tremolo set floating
don’t worry because I’ll make a separate video just for that for now let’s get
right to it so before we begin I want to take you over a list of things that you
will need in order to set up your guitar properly first of all you need to have a
nice flat surface like this a table perhaps then you need something to prop
up your guitar and keep it stable while you’re stringing it for that you can use
a waded up towel like this or even a pillow and next you need to have string
winder you can use any regular string winder you don’t need to have a
motorized string winder like this or by the way this happens to be the Ernie
Ball power peg Pro so very nice motorized string winder next we have a
capo and a set of feeler gauges you need to have these two items in order to set
the reliefor the curve of the neck then you will need radius gauges these
gauges go under the strings and then they help you adjust the radius of the
saddles to match the radius of the fretboard then you need to have screw
drivers or if you could buy a multi-tool like this this happens to be
the Ibanez mtz 11 multi-tool as you can see it has different allen
keys screwdrivers and even a spanner very useful tool that you can take with
you you know in your guitars case or something up next we have a string action gauge
this will be very helpful to set the action of the strings up next we have tuners you can use
headstock mounted clip-on tuners but they are only good for tuning and
not for intonation if you want to adjust the intonation then you need a dedicated
unit like this this happens to be the boss TU 15 but you can also use pedal
tuners next you need to have a couple of spanners on hand so that you can tighten parts like there not over here on the output jack or over here at the tuners
next you need to have a set of allen keys both small and large so that you
can adjust small screws like the one on your saddle or even as big as your truss
rod not next up we have an electrical contact cleaner this is very useful if
you want to clean out the electronics and electrical parts like potentiometers
input output jacks and you can use this not only on your guitar but also on your
amplifier on your pedals even I personally like using dioxide but in
India it’s very hard to find and it’s quite expensive as well so the crc 2 to
6 is a very nice alternative and it’s very cheap compared to Diop 7 MASP
another needs we have a pencil you can actually use a pencil to lubricate the
nut of your guitar what you have to do is just run the tip inside the slots of
each strings and the graphite will act as the lubricant now let’s start with
the setup process the first thing that we will do is we remove all the strings
we’ll start by loosening them one by one and then what we’ll do is we’ll cut them
right down the middle of the platform what you do is you take your winder and
you start winding once this string is loose enough you
take the cutter and cut the string around the middle of the fret board I’m
not saying that you do that the middle but okay the implement of string and you
can dispose it once you’ve put the strings out and you can wrap your string
around like this and this posit later a quick note sometimes when you move
with the old string do you find that one of the strangest clubs it’s stuck and
you can’t remove it on the block so what do you do is you use the old leftover
string preferably it take one and you use that to poke the other stuck string
out from the block now it should come out okay now once all the strings are off
you can proceed to cleaning the instrument which includes not just
cleaning the body and the neck of the guitar but also the electronics now make
sure you don’t use products like wd-40 or Windex because you’re not good for
the body at the neck you can really damage the finish and especially in the
case of the neck if it’s an acoustic guitar or it’s not a maple neck then it
can get into the pores of the fretboard and it can damage the neck of your
guitar if you want to clean the body of your guitar and also a maple neck which
has a seal finish on it you can use naphtha but be very careful because
naphtha is also lighter fluid and it’s very dangerous obviously so make sure
you’re wearing proper gloves and you’re not you don’t have a lighter or any kind
of combustible product nearby and if you want to clean the electronics of the
guitar which include the potentiometers the output Jack you should use a
dedicated electrical contact cleaner like the Ox head or you can use if
you’re in India you can use this the CRC 226 power spray it’s a very nice cheap
alternative to the oxide and it’s easily available here in India now if you want
to clean out your electronics which include the potentiometers the output
chair and the 5 or 3-way switch what we have what you do is in the case of
potentiometers and also the switch you may or may not have holes on the
pickguard like the ones the OTC here but if you do you can just simply spray the
contacts cleaner in there or in any case what you can do is just
slightly pull on the potentiometer knob and spray it from the top and then what
you do is just work the knob back and forth back and forth
this will really get inside the shaft and clean out all the dust all the
moisture that been accumulated over time and sometimes you can even feel that
it’s much smoother to operate once you feel that it’s faced mood you can always
have the guitar plugged into an amp or something and just check how clean the
knobs are if they’re making any more than you work then things like that you
can also do the same for the switch you just introduce a bit of the contact
cleaner inside the cavity over here and then just work this which just flip it
back and forth back and forth quickly the idea is to have the liquid from the
the liquid chemical from the quantity not get into all the nooks and crannies
and really flush out all the dirt that being committed clean off the excess and
don’t worry if this gets all the way Kedar it’s not that bad when your guitar
and you can always just Park it off and usually this stuff wipes off very almost
instantly now if you want to clean out the output
jack of your guitar what do you do is you take a q-tip or an earbud and then
you spray some of the contact cleaner right onto the q-tip and then
immediately you introduce that and inside the and once it’s on the q-tip
you introduce that into the output jack and then just rub it if you like you can
use just one more little spray and then use that once you’ve cleaned the output
Jack what you can do is just like the way we work the potentiometer we work
the output Jack by using a cable and pushing it and pulling it in and out in
and out and that way it cleans out any of the junk that’s been accumulated
inside the output jack now a quick word of caution about basic contact cleaners
once you’ve you search contact cleaners make sure you wash your hands with soap
soapy water because these chemicals are really bad and they can cause very
serious illnesses if you don’t take proper caution so always make sure that
you use soapy water to clean your hands after using such chemicals now the next
step is v strengthening your guitar once you’ve got the new strings through the
block just make sure that you pull on them so that they don’t get stuck
somewhere in between because that that’s been known to happen sometimes they can
the ballin get stuck right before it comes out through the hole entirely so
make sure you pull on them if I start putting them to the tuners at this point I would imagine that if
you want to set up your tremolo or your vibrato to be one way only
that’s dive only and not floating what you should do is make sure that you have
your the Springs on the backside removed from the block then next to make sure
you set up these screws in a way that when the bridge is sitting flush to the
body you just screw them down enough that
once it’s tied the bridge starts lifting up and that’s when you slowly back the
screws off and loosen them just for the bridge to come back to being flush with
the body once you do that you move to the other screws what you can also do is
use the same procedure firstly in the inner two screws the DNG screws and then
move to a and B and then eventually E and the other e then what you do is you
loosen the inner four screws even more so that in a way this become a two point
framer all pivoting only on the outer East strength screws now the next step is restringing your
guitar once you make sure that all the strings are entirely through the tremolo
block you take your first string make sure that the in third hole at the tuner
is facing this way so that you can pull the string straight through and if you
have a lock into you know like this make sure it’s loose but not so loose that it
falls down because some locking pins have been known to just fall it down so
just loosen it enough for your strength to pass through once is through pull it
all the way out again make sure as you’re pulling it the string is not
struck at the tremolo block end and it’s all the way through now I’ll show you
how to measure the length of the strings now what do you want to have is at least
two or maybe three drafts on the one strings and you can have a little more
on the Unbounce trains and I’ll show you how to measure the length of the string
to get those amount of wraps you pull the string all the way through what you
do is if you’re on the first unit use three fingers and then bend it at the
third finger put a kink on your string like that and what I like to use is the
over-and-under method so once it goes like this take the first trap like this
forward move the string up like this and then start winding and make sure the
winds after this are all under while you’re doing this make make sure
you give pressure on the string between the post and the knot with your finger
so that it doesn’t the winding doesn’t go up the slowly you’ll feel the string
tightening and then you’ll end up with one nice wrap like this and I don’t have
to kill the string to pitch you just have to get it a little stiff and then
move on to the next string oh and I also want to mention that my guitar has
modern style locking tuners but if you’re Kayden has a vintage or Clues on
styled to nest this third shaft type don’t worry I’ll make a separate video
just how to restring those once you’re done stringing your guitar your wind
should look like this they should not be all laughing each
other they should be uniform and all going into downward direction now you
might be wondering why I haven’t kept the excess string off yet the reason why
is because if you make a mistake in taking the measurement of the length of
the string if it’s too long or too short what you can do is you can carefully
loosen the string by pulling it back in this direction and then you can make the
adjustment of the length of the string and then put it back if you already cut
the string excess spring off the pole and then you make then then you realize
you’ve made a mistake there isn’t very no going back you just have to get a new
string or new set of strings once the strings are on completely now it’s time
for lubricating first will lubricate the nut like I said earlier you don’t want
to tighten your strength as it get you in to pinch you want to keep them a
little bit loose but just with a little bit of tension on them the reason why is
because if you want to lubricate let’s say you’re not what you can do if you
just have to you loosen the string a little bit just so that you can lift it
up after that you have the access to the nut to lubricate it and now to lubricate
the nut we’ll use a simple pencil what I’m going to do is gonna take the pencil
and just rub the nib inside the slot where the spring would ride if your
string is too loose what will happen is you will lubricate the nut put your
string back on and then keep tightening it but what happens is all the graphite
that has been accumulated in the nut now will travel off now if you want to
lubricate the metallic like the siding or the string trees you
want to use something like this what you can do is you can put it on
either a toothpick or a q-tip and then what you do is again loosen the string a
little bit just so that you can lift the string up and then introduce the
lubricant into the saddle slots once you do that tighten the string again now you might think that you can use
Vaseline and get away with it well maybe you can but the reason why it’s not so
good for your saddle or their string tree for that matter with that
Vaseline attracts a lot of dirt and dust onto it and over time it builds up and
it can even corrode the moving parts now till you break it the strength 3 it’s
the same process you loosen the strings just enough so that you can push down
the string and insert the lubricant between the string and the string 3 this
happens to be a roller kind of a spring key so I’m going to apply it dragonburn
rollers just lightly and then tighten your string again okay so now
the next step which is a very important step to keeping your string in tune is
stretching this strings what you wanna do here now is keep the strings almost
to tune you don’t have to be exactly pitch correct but get it near the
intended pitch and what you do is you start stretching the strings like D you really need to do this on the bounce
trains the EI and D you can do it on the plain strings as well but be very
careful because the placed rails could break very easily and you don’t have to
really pull and tug so hard be gentle with it and as you’re stretching the
strings you realize that as you see they have detuned so what you’re going to do
is stretch the string among its entire length check the tuning
retune and then repeat you want to repeat this process on every single
string till the string retains its pitch no matter how much you stretch it it
shouldn’t go out of pitch once you achieve that on a particular string you
can then move on to the next string now this can take a lot of time but it’s
really helpful especially if you have playing like your strings would really
scare into next we’ll set the action and the spring radius to do that we’ll need
the spring action ruler like this what we gonna do is at the 17th fret we put
the action ruler now I like to measure my strings with 64th of an inch
personally I like the high at 360 fourth and the low E at 5/64 or even for 64th
to do that I’ll put the action ruler exactly the 17th fret and see where my
string is if it’s too high or too low I’ll adjust the saddle accordingly I’ll
set the action for the outer east rings first and then I’ll set the radius by
using the under Sun radius gauge first what I’ll do is I’ll set the action of
the outer east rings first and then use the under sorry radius gauge to adjust
the radius of the remaining four strings once I’ve adjusted the action of the
outer east rings I’ll introduce the under saddle radius gauge between the
DNG strings like this and then pull it all the way towards the saddles now to
check if the string is at correct height I’ll apply a slight bit of pressure
upwards but not too much to pull the string up and then push down on the
string like this if the under saddle gauge is also being pressed down that
means the height is correct if there’s a bit of gap then what you need to do is
lower the string but if you find that the gauge is poking the string up you
need to increase the height of the saddle do this and then repeat on other
strings now we will set the relief of the neck to do that we need a capo and a
set of feeler gauges or maybe just one feeler gauge if you know what your
preferred clearance is to do that make sure those strings are in tune you into
pitch then introduce the capo exactly over the first fret not before
it like when you would be playing yo guitar with a capo but exactly over the
first fret and then put your finger on the 17th fret a lot of people do it
other ways but this one works the best for me so this is what I recommend
so you put the finger at the 17th fret the capo is up the first fret now you
introduce your preferred feeler gauge at the seventh fret exactly what about this
turn fit what you want to feel is if the feeler gauge is traveling easy without
any hindrance or if it’s poking the string up if you find that your feeler
gauge is not even going between the string and the Fred you have to give the
neck more relief that means you have to loosen the truss rod
and if there’s too much of a gap between the strength and the fret you have to
reduce the relief that means you have to tighten the neck by tightening the truss
rod and when it comes to and when it comes to adjusting the truss rod always
remember lefty-loosey righty-tighty if you turn
right or that means clockwise you’re tightening the truss rod and if you turn
left or anti-clockwise you are loosening the truss rod the next step is
intonation once you’ve made sure that you stretch all your strength and they
are staying in tune what you want to do is you want to start getting them not
even to pitch and to adjust the intonation you’ll need a dedicated tuner
like this and a screwdriver yes you can’t use a headstock mounted tuner but
if you are going for accuracy which you should you want to get a dedicated you
know like this that you can plug in directly to your guitar what you do is
first make sure you have the volume and tone control on ten full on then move to
your neck and bridge pickup the reason why that is necessary is because the
bridge pickup is the one closest to the strings and and it has the most tension
near near it so sometimes it can give you a false reading because that pickup
is the one that might be pulling the strings down a little bit so you want to
keep your pickup selection on the neck and the bridge simultaneously then what
you want to do is make sure that your string the one you are jesting is tuned
to pitch now ideally you want to do this in the
plank position but for the purpose of this video I’ll be doing it in this
position just because it’s easier to do it like that now to adjust the
intonation what you want to do is first put your finger at the 12th fret and
play it and see where it is if it sharp or flat it should be perfectly in sync
with the open string so it should be at pitch as well if the open string guitar
pick you know this also depends on the amount of pressure you give on the
string so give moderate pressure and then it should come to pitch once it beeps what you want to do is you
want to chime the harmonic at the same twelfth fret now you compare the
harmonic with the fretted note and you determine if it’s sharp or flat when I
chime the harmonic this string is flat so what I want to do is I want to
shorten the length of the string so to do that I will use the screwdriver and
move it clockwise at the saddle so that the saddle goes towards the neck thereby
shortening the string when the string is shortened every time you do this make
sure you loosen the string a little bit then adjust the saddle back or forth
whichever you have to do and then slightly break it back to the pitch and
then check again keep doing this yes this will take some time but it’s worth
the patience because if you don’t date you this string ever so slightly and
then move the saddle there are chances that you could break the string at the
sample now if I can be setting the intonation you can move on to the last
step which is cutting off the excess strings then cutting the strings make
sure you are not cutting it too close to the unique post otherwise if you have
non locking tuners the strings can slip out it’s very unlikely but it’s known to
happen once you’ve removed all the excess Springs make sure you check the
tuning because after I’ve cut the playing they can go a little out of tune
so what I’m gonna do is check the locking post do them back to pitch and
you can take the extra strip of stretching the strings again once you do
that you should have a rock-solid instrument so that was it for today’s
episode like I mentioned earlier I’ll be making separate videos for those who
have vintage clues on style tuners and also a separate video for people who
like to have the tremolo set floating if you like my video please
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